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Satyendra Nath Bose

posted Jul 19, 2013, 11:59 PM by The Scientific Indian   [ updated Jul 20, 2013, 12:01 AM ]

Satyendra Nath Bose FRS[1] (Bengali: সত্যেন্দ্র নাথ বসু Shottendronath Boshū, IPA: [ʃot̪ːend̪ronat̪ʰ boʃu]; 1 January 1894 – 4 February 1974) was an Indian physicist specializing in mathematical physics. He was born in Calcutta. He is best known for his work on quantum mechanics in the early 1920s, providing the foundation for Bose–Einstein statistics and the theory of the Bose–Einstein condensate. A Fellow of the Royal Society, the Government of India awarded him India's second highest civilian award, the Padma Vibhushan in 1954.[2][3][4]

The class of particles that obey Bose–Einstein statistics, bosons, was named after him[5][6][7][8] by Paul Dirac.

Bose's ideas were well received in the world of physics, and he was granted leave from the University of Dhaka to travel to Europe in 1924. He spent a year in France, where he worked with Marie Curie and met several other well-known scientists. He then spent another year abroad, working with Einstein in Berlin. Upon his return to Dhaka, he was made a professor in 1926. He did not have a doctorate, and so ordinarily he would not be qualified for the post, but Einstein recommended him.

Together with Meghnad Saha, he published an equation of state for real gases.

Being of Bengali origin, he devoted time to promoting Bengali as a teaching language, translating scientific papers into it, and promoting the development of the region. <More>

References: Wikipedia